在Mac OS上编译安装Nginx+PHP+MariaDB开发环境的教程

因为甲骨文的尿性。mariadb应该要顶替mysql了。所以抛弃mysql

1,编译nginx
分别下载nginx,openssl,pcre
编译openssl的时候会提示

WARNING! If you wish to build 64-bit library, then you have to
invoke ‘./Configure darwin64-x86_64-cc' *manually*.

如果你不停止编译就会出错。这个问题应该是 openssl/config脚本猜对你的系统是64位,但是 会根据$KERNEL_BITS来判断是否开启x86_64编译,默认 是不开启的(很奇怪的设置,虽然会给你5秒时间停止编译并手动开启),所以你生成的openssl库文件是32位的,最后静态链接到nginx会出错。目前看来没有很好的方法把x86_64的参数传到openssl配置文件中 (openssl/config 猜测os架构,设置编译的参数是32位还是64位,默认是32位,然后调用openssl/Configure生成Makefile)

可以在configure之前export KERNEL_BITS=64,如果还是不起作用
就要手到修改了
进入nginx目录

复制代码 代码如下:

$ ./configure ./configure Cprefix=/usr/locale/nginx Cwith-openssl=../openssl-1.0.1i Cwith-pcre=../pcre-8.33

手动修改 objs/Makefile:

./config Cprefix=/Users/xxx/Downloads/openssl-1.0.1e/.openssl no-shared no-threads

改成

复制代码 代码如下:

./Configure darwin64-x86_64-cc Cprefix=/Users/xxx/Downloads/openssl-1.0.1e/.openssl no-shared no-threads

再make
2,编译php
下载php源码和一些类库
zlib:http://www.zlib.net/
GD库:https://bitbucket.org/libgd/gd-libgd/downloads/libgd-2.1.0.tar.gz 不好下
freetype:http://sourceforge.net/projects/freetype/
libpng:http://www.libpng.org/pub/png/libpng.html
libjpeg:http://www.ijg.org/

curl: http://curl.haxx.se/download.html

mhash: http://sourceforge.net/projects/mhash/
mcrypt: http://mcrypt.hellug.gr/
还有bzip2。 gettext 和libtool 在gnu官网,不过速度不行,其他的库我用了系统自带。懒得再折腾,到时候没啥补啥。
除了libtool直接扔在了/usr,其他我都装在了/usr/local的一个个单独目录里面。比如jpeg就是/usr/local/jpeg方便以后修改

复制代码 代码如下:

./configure Cprefix=/Users/saint/bin/php Cenable-inline-optimization Cenable-fpm Cwith-mcrypt=/usr/local/libmcrypt Cwith-zlib Cenable-mbstring Cwith-openssl Cwith-mysql Cwith-mysqli Cwith-mysql-sock Cwith-gd Cwith-jpeg-dir=/usr/local/jpeg Cenable-gd-native-ttf Cenable-pdo Cwith-gettext Cwith-curl Cwith-pdo-mysql Cenable-sockets Cenable-bcmath Cenable-xml Cwith-bz2=/usr Cenable-zip Cenable-freetype Cwith-png-dir=/usr/local/libpng Cwith-pcre-regex Cwith-iconv-dir=/usr Cwith-gettext=/usr/local/gettext

3.编译mariadb

编译mariabd需要先安装cmake。去www.cmake.org下载安装tar zxf mariadb-5.5.32.tar.gz

cd mariadb-5.5.32
cmake . -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local/mariadb \
-DMYSQL_UNIX_ADDR=/tmp/mysql.sock \
-DMYSQL_DATADIR=/data/mariadb \
-DSYSCONFDIR=/usr/local/mariadb \
-DMYSQL_USER=mysql \
-DMYSQL_TCP_PORT=3306 \
-DWITH_XTRADB_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
-DWITH_INNOBASE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
-DWITH_PARTITION_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
-DWITH_BLACKHOLE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
-DWITH_MYISAM_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
-DWITH_READLINE=1 \
-DENABLED_LOCAL_INFILE=1 \
-DWITH_EXTRA_CHARSETS=1 \
-DDEFAULT_CHARSET=utf8 \
-DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8_general_ci \
-DEXTRA_CHARSETS=all \
-DWITH_BIG_TABLES=1 \
-DWITH_DEBUG=0
make && make install

/bin/cp support-files/my-small.cnf /usr/local/mariadb/my.conf
cp support-files/mysql.server /usr/local/mariadb/mysqld

# my.cf

复制代码 代码如下:

cat > /etc/my.cnf << EOF [mysqld] basedir = /usr/local/mariadb datadir = /data/mariadb pid-file = /data/mariadb/mariadb.pid character-set-server = utf8 collation-server = utf8_general_ci user = mysql port = 3306 default_storage_engine = InnoDB innodb_file_per_table = 1 server_id = 1 log_bin = mysql-bin binlog_format = mixed expire_logs_days = 7 bind-address = 0.0.0.0 # name-resolve skip-name-resolve skip-host-cache #lower_case_table_names = 1 ft_min_word_len = 1 query_cache_size = 64M query_cache_type = 1 skip-external-locking key_buffer_size = 16M max_allowed_packet = 1M table_open_cache = 64 sort_buffer_size = 512K net_buffer_length = 8K read_buffer_size = 256K read_rnd_buffer_size = 512K myisam_sort_buffer_size = 8M # LOG log_error = /data/mariadb/mariadb-error.log long_query_time = 1 slow_query_log slow_query_log_file = /data/mariadb/mariadb-slow.log # Oher #max_connections = 1000 open_files_limit = 65535 [client] port = 3306 EOF /usr/local/mariadb/scripts/mysql_install_db --user=mysql --basedir=/usr/local/mariadb --datadir=/data/mariadb chown mysql.mysql -R /data/mariadb export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/mariadb/bin echo 'export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/mariadb/bin' >> /etc/profile
source /etc/profile

/usr/local/mariadb/bin/mysql -e “grant all privileges on *.* to root@'127.0.0.1′ identified by “dbrootpwd” with grant option;”
/usr/local/mariadb/bin/mysql -e “grant all privileges on *.* to root@'localhost' identified by “dbrootpwd” with grant option;”
/usr/local/mariadb/bin/mysql -uroot -pdbrootpwd -e “delete from mysql.user where Password=”;”
/usr/local/mariadb/bin/mysql -uroot -pdbrootpwd -e “delete from mysql.db where User=”;”
/usr/local/mariadb/bin/mysql -uroot -pdbrootpwd -e “drop database test;”

4.后续安装扩展
php提供了一个phpize工具供我们安装需要的扩展。

下面介绍phpize的使用:

(1).找到自己原来编译的php安装目录,例如我的目录是/home/saint/Development/php,在该目录下,找到bin/phpize。如果没有这个工具,则说明没有安装该工具,那么需要安装php.dev,一般都会有这个工具。

(2).要扩展的话,就需要有一个和当前已安装的php的版本一样的php的源包,当前php版本可以用过phpinfo()查看。

(3).打开源包目录,进入到ext目录,例如我就进入到:/home/saint/Development/php-5.5.6/ext下,ext下有各个php带有的扩展模块,进入到ext/sockets中。

(4).cd到ext/sockets后,运行phpize程序:

/home/saint/Development/php/bin/phpize

执行后,可以看到phpize会帮我们生成了对应的configure文件

(5).通过configure来配置,执行下面的命令:

./configure --enable-sockets --with-php-config=/home/saint/Development/php/bin/php-config
 
make
 
make install

注: php-config文件与phpize是同一个目录下的

(6).更改php.ini,增加下面的语句:

复制代码 代码如下:

extension=”/home/saint/Development/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20121226/sockets.so”

觉得难看可以将那个日期文件夹删除

(7).重启Nginx

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