Android基于wheelView实现自定义日期选择器

本文实例为大家分享了Android实现自定义日期选择器的具体代码,供大家参考,具体内容如下

项目要求效果图:

这里写图片描述

要求 “6月20 星期五” 这一项作为一个整体可以滑动,”7时”、”48分”分别作为一个滑动整体。

系统自带的DatePicker、TimePicker大家都知道,只有这种效果:

这里写图片描述

百度了很多,试了NumberPicker等都不行,本来打算自己写。网友推荐了一个开源组件WheelView,下下来试了试,发现他已经定义的很完善了,在他的基础上拓展很容易。

现将基于wheelView自定义日期选择器记录如下:

一.首先要了解WheelView为我们提供了什么:

这里写图片描述

除了我写的”DateObject”与”StringWheelAdapter”,其余都是WheelView提供的,

1. WheelView.java :可滚动的组件

主要方法:

setAdapter(new StringWheelAdapter(dateList, 7)); //设置Adapter 
setVisibleItems(3); //设置显示几行数据 
setCyclic(true); //设置是否循环显示数据 
addChangingListener(onDaysChangedListener) //设置滑动监听器

2. WheelAdapter.java : 滑动组件的适配器的接口,子类适配器用于装载数据

public interface WheelAdapter {
 /**
  * Gets items count
  * @return the count of wheel items
  */
 public int getItemsCount();

 /**
  * Gets a wheel item by index.
  * 
  * @param index the item index
  * @return the wheel item text or null
  */
 public String getItem(int index);

 /**
  * Gets maximum item length. It is used to determine the wheel width. 
  * If -1 is returned there will be used the default wheel width.
  * 
  * @return the maximum item length or -1
  */
 public int getMaximumLength();
}

3. OnWheelChangedListener.java : 滑动监听器接口

public interface OnWheelChangedListener {
 /**
  * Callback method to be invoked when current item changed
  * @param wheel the wheel view whose state has changed
  * @param oldValue the old value of current item
  * @param newValue the new value of current item
  */
 void onChanged(WheelView wheel, int oldValue, int newValue);
}

4.OnWheelScrollListener.java :滚动监听器接口(暂时没用到)

5.NumericWheelAdapter.java : 当滚动内容为纯数字时调用的适配器

6.DateObject.java : 日期实体类,用于存储、获取选择的数据

package kankan.wheel.widget;

import java.util.Calendar;

public class DateObject extends Object{
 private int year ;
 private int month;
 private int day;
 private int week;
 private int hour;
 private int minute;
 private String listItem;

 /**
  * 日期对象的4个参数构造器,用于设置日期
  * @param year
  * @param month
  * @param day
  * @author sxzhang
  */
 public DateObject(int year2, int month2, int day2,int week2) {
  super();
  this.year = year2;
  int maxDayOfMonth = Calendar.getInstance().getActualMaximum(Calendar.DAY_OF_MONTH);
  if(day2 > maxDayOfMonth){
   this.month = month2 + 1;
   this.day = day2 % maxDayOfMonth;
  }else{
   this.month = month2;
   this.day = day2;
  }
  this.week = week2 % 7 == 0 ? 7 : week2 % 7;

  if(day == Calendar.getInstance().get(Calendar.DAY_OF_MONTH)){
   this.listItem = String.format("%02d", this.month) +"月" + String.format("%02d", this.day) + 
     "日  "+ " 今天 ";
  }else{
   this.listItem = String.format("%02d", this.month) +"月" + String.format("%02d", this.day) + 
     "日  "+ getDayOfWeekCN(week);
  }

 }

 /**
  * 日期对象的2个参数构造器,用于设置时间
  * @param hour2
  * @param minute2
  * @param isHourType true:传入的是hour; false: 传入的是minute
  * @author sxzhang
  */
 public DateObject(int hour2,int minute2,boolean isHourType) {
  super();
  if(isHourType == true && hour2 != -1){  //设置小时
   if(hour2 > 24){
    this.hour = hour2 % 24;
   }else
    this.hour = hour2;
   this.listItem = this.hour + "时";
  }else if(isHourType == false && minute2 != -1){ //设置分钟
   if(minute2 > 60)
    this.minute = minute2 % 60;
   else
    this.minute = minute2;
   this.listItem = this.minute + "分";
  }
 }

 public int getHour() {
  return hour;
 }

 public void setHour(int hour) {
  this.hour = hour;
 }

 public int getMinute() {
  return minute;
 }

 public void setMinute(int minute) {
  this.minute = minute;
 }

 public int getWeek() {
  return week;
 }

 public void setWeek(int week) {
  this.week = week;
 }

 public int getYear() {
  return year;
 }
 public void setYear(int year) {
  this.year = year;
 }
 public int getMonth() {
  return month;
 }
 public void setMonth(int month) {
  this.month = month;
 }
 public int getDay() {
  return day;
 }
 public void setDay(int day) {
  this.day = day;
 }
 public String getListItem() {
  return listItem;
 }
 public void setListItem(String listItem) {
  this.listItem = listItem;
 }

 /**
  * 根据day_of_week得到汉字星期
  * @return
  */
 public static String getDayOfWeekCN(int day_of_week){
  String result = null;
  switch(day_of_week){
  case 1:
   result = "星期日";
   break;
  case 2:
   result = "星期一";
   break;
  case 3:
   result = "星期二";
   break;
  case 4:
   result = "星期三";
   break;
  case 5:
   result = "星期四";
   break;
  case 6:
   result = "星期五";
   break;
  case 7:
   result = "星期六";
   break; 
  default:
   break;
  }
  return result;
 }
}

7.StringWheelAdapter.java :一会儿将定义的滚动内容为字符串的适配器,当内容为字符串时我们就可以随意拓展滑动部分的内容

package kankan.wheel.widget;

import java.util.ArrayList;

/**
 * The simple String Array wheel adapter
 * 
 */
public class StringWheelAdapter implements WheelAdapter {

 /** The default items length */
 public static final int DEFAULT_LENGTH = -1;

 // items
 private ArrayList<DateObject> list;

 // length
 private int length;

 /**
  * Constructor
  * @param items the items
  * @param length the max items length
  */
 public StringWheelAdapter(ArrayList<DateObject> list, int length) {
  this.list = list;
  this.length = length;
 }


 @Override
 public String getItem(int index) {
  if (index >= 0 && index < list.size()) {
   return list.get(index).getListItem();
  }
  return null;
 }

 @Override
 public int getItemsCount() {
  return list.size();
 }

 @Override
 public int getMaximumLength() {
  return length;
 }

}

二.了解以后就可以使用他定义我们需要的了。

1.首先要做的是这个效果的部分:

这里写图片描述

我们将其命名为DatePicker:

package com.sxkeji.timeswitch.widget;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Calendar;

import kankan.wheel.widget.DateObject;
import kankan.wheel.widget.OnWheelChangedListener;
import kankan.wheel.widget.StringWheelAdapter;
import kankan.wheel.widget.WheelView;
import android.content.Context;
import android.util.AttributeSet;
import android.widget.LinearLayout;

/**
 * 自定义的日期选择器
 * @author sxzhang
 *
 */
public class DatePicker extends LinearLayout {

 private Calendar calendar = Calendar.getInstance(); 
 private WheelView newDays;
 private ArrayList<DateObject> dateList ;
 private OnChangeListener onChangeListener; //onChangeListener
 private final int MARGIN_RIGHT = 20;
 private DateObject dateObject;  //日期数据对象
 //Constructors
 public DatePicker(Context context) {
  super(context);
  init(context);
 }

 public DatePicker(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
  super(context, attrs);
  init(context);
 }

 /**
  * 初始化
  * @param context
  */
 private void init(Context context){
  int year = calendar.get(Calendar.YEAR);
  int month = calendar.get(Calendar.MONTH) + 1;
  int day = calendar.get(Calendar.DAY_OF_MONTH);
  int week = calendar.get(Calendar.DAY_OF_WEEK);
  dateList = new ArrayList<DateObject>();
  for (int i = 0; i < 7; i++) {
   dateObject = new DateObject(year, month, day+i, week+i);
   dateList.add(dateObject);
  }

  newDays = new WheelView(context);
  LayoutParams newDays_param = new LayoutParams(300,LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT);
  newDays_param.setMargins(0, 0, MARGIN_RIGHT, 0);
  newDays.setLayoutParams(newDays_param);
  newDays.setAdapter(new StringWheelAdapter(dateList, 7));
  newDays.setVisibleItems(3);
  newDays.setCyclic(true);
  newDays.addChangingListener(onDaysChangedListener);  
  addView(newDays);
 }

 /**
  * 滑动改变监听器
  */
 private OnWheelChangedListener onDaysChangedListener = new OnWheelChangedListener(){
  @Override
  public void onChanged(WheelView mins, int oldValue, int newValue) {
   calendar.set(Calendar.DAY_OF_MONTH, newValue + 1);
   change();
  }
 };

 /**
  * 滑动改变监听器回调的接口
  */
 public interface OnChangeListener {
  void onChange(int year, int month, int day, int day_of_week);
 }

 /**
  * 设置滑动改变监听器
  * @param onChangeListener
  */
 public void setOnChangeListener(OnChangeListener onChangeListener){
  this.onChangeListener = onChangeListener;
 }

 /**
  * 滑动最终调用的方法
  */
 private void change(){
  if(onChangeListener!=null){
   onChangeListener.onChange(
     dateList.get(newDays.getCurrentItem()).getYear(), 
     dateList.get(newDays.getCurrentItem()).getMonth(), 
     dateList.get(newDays.getCurrentItem()).getDay(), 
     dateList.get(newDays.getCurrentItem()).getWeek());
  }
 }


 /**
  * 根据day_of_week得到汉字星期
  * @return
  */
 public static String getDayOfWeekCN(int day_of_week){
  String result = null;
  switch(day_of_week){
  case 1:
   result = "星期日";
   break;
  case 2:
   result = "星期一";
   break;
  case 3:
   result = "星期二";
   break;
  case 4:
   result = "星期三";
   break;
  case 5:
   result = "星期四";
   break;
  case 6:
   result = "星期五";
   break;
  case 7:
   result = "星期六";
   break; 
  default:
   break;
  }
  return result;
 }


 @Override
 protected void onMeasure(int widthMeasureSpec, int heightMeasureSpec) {
  super.onMeasure(widthMeasureSpec, heightMeasureSpec);
 }
}

2.然后要做的是这个效果的部分

这里写图片描述

我们命名为TimePicker:

package com.sxkeji.timeswitch.widget;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Calendar;

import kankan.wheel.widget.DateObject;
import kankan.wheel.widget.OnWheelChangedListener;
import kankan.wheel.widget.StringWheelAdapter;
import kankan.wheel.widget.WheelView;
import android.content.Context;
import android.util.AttributeSet;
import android.widget.LinearLayout;

/**
 * 自定义的时间选择器
 * @author sxzhang
 *
 */
public class TimePicker extends LinearLayout{

 private Calendar calendar = Calendar.getInstance(); 
 private WheelView hours, mins; //Wheel picker
 private OnChangeListener onChangeListener; //onChangeListener
 private final int MARGIN_RIGHT = 15;  //调整文字右端距离
 private ArrayList<DateObject> hourList,minuteList;
 private DateObject dateObject;  //时间数据对象
 //Constructors
 public TimePicker(Context context) {
  super(context);
  init(context);
 }

 public TimePicker(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
  super(context, attrs);
  init(context);
 }

 /**
  * 初始化
  * @param context
  */
 private void init(Context context){
  int hour = calendar.get(Calendar.HOUR_OF_DAY);
  int minute = calendar.get(Calendar.MINUTE);
  hourList = new ArrayList<DateObject>();
  minuteList = new ArrayList<DateObject>();

  for (int i = 0; i < 24; i++) {
   dateObject = new DateObject(hour+i,-1,true);
   hourList.add(dateObject);
  }

  for (int j = 0; j < 60; j++) {
   dateObject = new DateObject(-1,minute+j,false);
   minuteList.add(dateObject);
  }

  //小时选择器
  hours = new WheelView(context);
  LayoutParams lparams_hours = new LayoutParams(80,LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT);
  lparams_hours.setMargins(0, 0, MARGIN_RIGHT, 0);
  hours.setLayoutParams(lparams_hours);
  hours.setAdapter(new StringWheelAdapter(hourList, 24));
  hours.setVisibleItems(3);
  hours.setCyclic(true);
  hours.addChangingListener(onHoursChangedListener);  
  addView(hours);  

  //分钟选择器
  mins = new WheelView(context);
  mins.setLayoutParams(new LayoutParams(80,LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT));
  mins.setAdapter(new StringWheelAdapter(minuteList,60));
  mins.setVisibleItems(3);
  mins.setCyclic(true);
  mins.addChangingListener(onMinsChangedListener);  
  addView(mins);  
 }

 

 //listeners
 private OnWheelChangedListener onHoursChangedListener = new OnWheelChangedListener(){
  @Override
  public void onChanged(WheelView hours, int oldValue, int newValue) {
   calendar.set(Calendar.HOUR_OF_DAY, newValue);
   change();
  }
 };
 private OnWheelChangedListener onMinsChangedListener = new OnWheelChangedListener(){
  @Override
  public void onChanged(WheelView mins, int oldValue, int newValue) {
   calendar.set(Calendar.MINUTE, newValue);
   change();
  }
 };

 /**
  * 滑动改变监听器回调的接口
  */
 public interface OnChangeListener {
  void onChange(int hour, int munite);
 }

 /**
  * 设置滑动改变监听器
  * @param onChangeListener
  */
 public void setOnChangeListener(OnChangeListener onChangeListener){
  this.onChangeListener = onChangeListener;
 }

 /**
  * 滑动最终调用的方法
  */
 private void change(){
  if(onChangeListener!=null){
   onChangeListener.onChange(getHourOfDay(), getMinute());
  }
 }


 /**
  * 获取小时
  * @return
  */
 public int getHourOfDay(){
  return hourList.get(hours.getCurrentItem()).getHour();
 }

 /**
  * 获取分钟
  * @return
  */
 public int getMinute(){
  return minuteList.get(mins.getCurrentItem()).getMinute();
 }

 @Override
 protected void onMeasure(int widthMeasureSpec, int heightMeasureSpec) {
  super.onMeasure(widthMeasureSpec, heightMeasureSpec);
 }
}

3.最后就可以直接使用了,我这里主界面是一个button,点击后弹出popupWindow显示日期选择器。布局文件及主Activity如下:

popupWindow布局文件:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
 android:layout_width="fill_parent"
 android:layout_height="fill_parent"
 android:orientation="vertical" 
 android:background="#FFF">
 <View 
  android:layout_width="match_parent"
  android:layout_height="1dp"
  android:background="#f5f5f5"/>
 <RelativeLayout 
  android:layout_width="match_parent"
  android:layout_height="wrap_content"
  android:orientation="horizontal"
  android:padding="10dp">
  <TextView
   android:id="@+id/tv_cancel"
   android:layout_width="wrap_content"
   android:layout_height="wrap_content"
   android:text="取消"
   android:layout_marginLeft="10dp"
   android:layout_alignParentLeft="true"
   android:textColor="#000000"
   android:textSize="20sp" />

  <TextView
   android:id="@+id/tv_ok"
   android:layout_width="wrap_content"
   android:layout_height="wrap_content"
   android:text="确定"
   android:layout_marginRight="10dp"
   android:layout_alignParentRight="true"
   android:textColor="#000000"
   android:textSize="20sp" />

 </RelativeLayout>
 <View 
  android:layout_width="match_parent"
  android:layout_height="1dp"
  android:background="#f5f5f5"/>
 <LinearLayout 
  android:layout_width="match_parent"
  android:layout_height="wrap_content"
  android:orientation="horizontal"
  android:layout_marginTop="10dp"
  android:padding="20dp">
   <com.sxkeji.timeswitch.widget.DatePicker
   android:id="@+id/dp_test"
   android:layout_width="0dp"
   android:layout_height="wrap_content"
   android:layout_weight="3"
   android:gravity="center"
   android:layout_gravity="center_horizontal"/>

  <com.sxkeji.timeswitch.widget.TimePicker
   android:id="@+id/tp_test"
   android:layout_width="0dp"
   android:layout_height="wrap_content"
   android:layout_weight="2"
   android:gravity="center"
   android:layout_gravity="center_horizontal"/>
 </LinearLayout>


</LinearLayout>

主界面布局文件:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<RelativeLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
 android:layout_width="fill_parent"
 android:layout_height="fill_parent"
 android:background="#FFF"
 android:id="@+id/Rl_all">
 <LinearLayout 
  android:layout_width="match_parent"
  android:layout_height="wrap_content"
  android:orientation="vertical"
  android:layout_alignParentBottom="true"
  android:padding="10dp"
  android:gravity="center">
  <View 
   android:layout_width="match_parent"
   android:layout_height="1dp"
   android:background="#f5f5f5"/>
  <Button 
   android:id="@+id/btn_naozhong"
   android:layout_width="30dp"
   android:layout_height="30dp"
   android:background="@drawable/naozhong"
   />
 </LinearLayout>
</RelativeLayout>

Activity代码:

package com.sxkeji.timeswitch.activity;

import java.util.Calendar;

import org.unism.wang.R;

import com.sxkeji.timeswitch.widget.DatePicker;
import com.sxkeji.timeswitch.widget.TimePicker;

import android.app.Activity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.Gravity;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.View.OnClickListener;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.LinearLayout;
import android.widget.PopupWindow;
import android.widget.RelativeLayout;
import android.widget.TextView;
import android.widget.Toast;

/**
 * 主页面
 * @author sxzhang
 */
public class MyPickerActivity extends Activity {
 private Calendar calendar;
 private DatePicker dp_test;
 private TimePicker tp_test;
 private TextView tv_ok,tv_cancel; //确定、取消button
 private Button btn_naozhong;
 private PopupWindow pw;
 private String selectDate,selectTime;
 //选择时间与当前时间,用于判断用户选择的是否是以前的时间
 private int currentHour,currentMinute,currentDay,selectHour,selectMinute,selectDay;
 //整体布局
 private RelativeLayout Rl_all;
 @Override
 protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
  super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
  setContentView(R.layout.main);

  Rl_all = (RelativeLayout) findViewById(R.id.Rl_all);
  btn_naozhong = (Button) findViewById(R.id.btn_naozhong);
  calendar = Calendar.getInstance();

  btn_naozhong.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener() {
   @Override
   public void onClick(View arg0) {
    View view = View.inflate(MyPickerActivity.this, R.layout.dialog_select_time, null);
    selectDate = calendar.get(Calendar.YEAR) + "年" + calendar.get(Calendar.MONTH) + "月" 
      + calendar.get(Calendar.DAY_OF_MONTH) + "日" 
      + DatePicker.getDayOfWeekCN(calendar.get(Calendar.DAY_OF_WEEK));
    //选择时间与当前时间的初始化,用于判断用户选择的是否是以前的时间,如果是,弹出toss提示不能选择过去的时间
    selectDay = currentDay = calendar.get(Calendar.DAY_OF_MONTH);
    selectMinute = currentMinute = calendar.get(Calendar.MINUTE);
    selectHour = currentHour = calendar.get(Calendar.HOUR_OF_DAY);

    selectTime = currentHour + "点" + ((currentMinute < 10)?("0"+currentMinute):currentMinute) + "分";
    dp_test = (DatePicker)view.findViewById(R.id.dp_test);
    tp_test = (TimePicker)view.findViewById(R.id.tp_test);
    tv_ok = (TextView) view.findViewById(R.id.tv_ok);
    tv_cancel = (TextView) view.findViewById(R.id.tv_cancel);
    //设置滑动改变监听器
    dp_test.setOnChangeListener(dp_onchanghelistener);
    tp_test.setOnChangeListener(tp_onchanghelistener);
    pw = new PopupWindow(view, LinearLayout.LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT, LinearLayout.LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT, true);
//    //设置这2个使得点击pop以外区域可以去除pop
//    pw.setOutsideTouchable(true);
//    pw.setBackgroundDrawable(new BitmapDrawable());

    //出现在布局底端
    pw.showAtLocation(Rl_all, 0, 0, Gravity.END);

    //点击确定
    tv_ok.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener() {
     @Override
     public void onClick(View arg0) {
      if(selectDay == currentDay ){ //在当前日期情况下可能出现选中过去时间的情况
       if(selectHour < currentHour){
        Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), "不能选择过去的时间\n  请重新选择", 0).show();
       }else if( (selectHour == currentHour) && (selectMinute < currentMinute) ){
        Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), "不能选择过去的时间\n  请重新选择", 0).show();
       }else{
        Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), selectDate+selectTime, 0).show();
        pw.dismiss();
       }
      }else{
       Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), selectDate+selectTime, 0).show();
       pw.dismiss();
      }
     }
    });

    //点击取消
    tv_cancel.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener() {
     @Override
     public void onClick(View arg0) {
      pw.dismiss();
     }
    });
   }
  });
 }

 //listeners
 DatePicker.OnChangeListener dp_onchanghelistener = new DatePicker.OnChangeListener() {
  @Override
  public void onChange(int year, int month, int day, int day_of_week) {
   selectDay = day;
   selectDate = year + "年" + month + "月" + day + "日" + DatePicker.getDayOfWeekCN(day_of_week);
  }
 };
 TimePicker.OnChangeListener tp_onchanghelistener = new TimePicker.OnChangeListener() {
  @Override
  public void onChange(int hour, int minute) {
   selectTime = hour + "点" + ((minute < 10)?("0"+minute):minute) + "分";
   selectHour = hour;
   selectMinute = minute;
  }
 };
}

最终效果图:

这里写图片描述

源码下载:Android实现自定义日期选择器

以上就是本文的全部内容,希望对大家的学习有所帮助,也希望大家多多支持编程小技巧。

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