在Python中使用next()方法操作文件的教程

 next()方法当一个文件被用作迭代器,典型例子是在一个循环中被使用,next()方法被反复调用。此方法返回下一个输入行,或引发StopIteration异常EOF时被命中。

与其它文件的方法,如ReadLine()相结合next()方法工作不正常。然而,usingseek()将文件重新定位到一个绝对位置将刷新预读缓冲器。
语法

以下是next()方法的语法:

fileObject.next(); 

参数

  •     NA

返回值

此方法返回下一个输入行。
例子

下面的示例演示next()方法的使用。

#!/usr/bin/python

# Open a file
fo = open("foo.txt", "rw+")
print "Name of the file: ", fo.name

# Assuming file has following 5 lines
# This is 1st line
# This is 2nd line
# This is 3rd line
# This is 4th line
# This is 5th line

for index in range(5):
  line = fo.next()
  print "Line No %d - %s" % (index, line)

# Close opend file
fo.close()

当我们运行上面的程序,它会产生以下结果:

Name of the file: foo.txt
Line No 0 - This is 1st line

Line No 1 - This is 2nd line

Line No 2 - This is 3rd line

Line No 3 - This is 4th line

Line No 4 - This is 5th line

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