PHP7+Nginx的配置与安装教程详解

下面编程小技巧小编把PHP7+Nginx的配置与安装教程分享给大家,供大家参考,本文写的不好还请见谅。

系统环境:centos6.5 x64

软件版本:nginx-1.10.0 php-7.0.6

安装 Nginx

Nginx官网:http://nginx.org/

先安装编译依赖的一些组件

复制代码 代码如下:

yum install pcre pcre-devel openssl openssl-devel -y

1、解压程序包

复制代码 代码如下:

tar xf nginx-1.10.0.tar.gz
cd nginx-1.10.0

2、预编译配置参数

复制代码 代码如下:

./configure --user=www \
--group=www \
--prefix=/data/server/nginx \
--with-http_stub_status_module \
--without-http-cache \
--with-http_ssl_module \
--with-http_gzip_static_module

3、执行编译

复制代码 代码如下:

make && make install

4、替换配置文件

nginx.conf

user www www;
worker_processes 1;
error_log /u01/data/log/nginx/error.log crit;
pid /u01/data/server/nginx/logs/nginx.pid;
#Specifies the value for maximum file descriptors that can be opened by this process.
worker_rlimit_nofile 65535;
events
{
use epoll;
worker_connections 65535;
}
http {
include mime.types;
default_type application/octet-stream;
#charset gb2312;
server_names_hash_bucket_size 128;
client_header_buffer_size 32k;
large_client_header_buffers 4 32k;
client_max_body_size 8m;
sendfile on;
tcp_nopush on;
keepalive_timeout 60;
tcp_nodelay on;
fastcgi_connect_timeout 300;
fastcgi_send_timeout 300;
fastcgi_read_timeout 300;
fastcgi_buffer_size 64k;
fastcgi_buffers 4 64k;
fastcgi_busy_buffers_size 128k;
fastcgi_temp_file_write_size 128k;
gzip on;
gzip_min_length 1k;
gzip_buffers 4 16k;
gzip_http_version 1.0;
gzip_comp_level 2;
gzip_types text/plain application/x-javascript text/css application/xml;
gzip_vary on;
#limit_zone crawler $binary_remote_addr 10m;
log_format main '$remote_addr - "$request_time" [$time_local] "$request" '
'"$status" $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
'"$http_user_agent" $http_x_forwarded_for';
log_format '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
'$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
'"$http_user_agent" $http_x_forwarded_for "$request_time"';
include /u01/alidata/server/nginx/conf/vhosts/*.conf;

虚拟主机配置文件模板

server {
listen 8080;
server_name localhost;
index index.html index.htm index.php;
root /u01/data/www;
location ~ .*\.(php|php5)?$
{
fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php-fpm/php-fpm.sock;
fastcgi_index index.php;
include fastcgi.conf;
}
location ~ .*\.(gif|jpg|jpeg|png|bmp|swf)$
{
expires 30d;
}
location ~ .*\.(js|css)?$
{
expires 1h;
}
###this is to use open website lianjie like on apache##
location / {
if (!-e $request_filename) {
rewrite ^(.*)$ /index.php?s=$1 last;
break;
}
}
location ~ /.svn/ {
deny all;
}
###end##
access_log /u01/data/log/nginx/access/test.log main;
}

5、提供Nginx启动脚本

#!/bin/bash
#
nginxd=/u01/data/server/nginx/sbin/nginx
nginx_config=/u01/data/server/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
nginx_pid=/u01/data/server/nginx/logs/nginx.pid
RETVAL=0
prog="nginx"
[ -x $nginxd ] || exit 0
# Start nginx daemons functions.
start() {
if [ -e $nginx_pid ] && netstat -tunpl | grep nginx &> /dev/null;then
echo "nginx already running...."
exit 1
fi
echo -n $"Starting $prog!"
$nginxd -c ${nginx_config}
RETVAL=$?
echo
[ $RETVAL = 0 ] && touch /var/lock/nginx
return $RETVAL
}
# Stop nginx daemons functions.
stop() {
echo -n $"Stopping $prog!"
$nginxd -s stop
RETVAL=$?
echo
[ $RETVAL = 0 ] && rm -f /var/lock/nginx
}
# reload nginx service functions.
reload() {
echo -n $"Reloading $prog!"
stop() {
echo -n $"Stopping $prog!"
$nginxd -s stop
RETVAL=$?
echo
[ $RETVAL = 0 ] && rm -f /var/lock/nginx
}
# reload nginx service functions.
reload() {
echo -n $"Reloading $prog!"
#kill -HUP `cat ${nginx_pid}`
$nginxd -s reload
RETVAL=$?
echo
}
# See how we were called.
case "$1" in
start)
start
;;
stop)
stop
;;
reload)
reload
;;
restart)
stop
start
;;
*)
echo $"Usage: $prog {start|stop|restart|reload|help}"
exit 1
esac
exit $RETVAL

只需要稍加修改程序路径就可立即使用

安装 PHP7

PHP官网:http://php.net/

PHP扩展:http://pecl.php.net/

先安装一些为编译依赖的组建

yum -y install gcc gcc-c++ gcc-g77 make libtool autoconf patch unzip automake libxml2 libxml2-devel ncurses ncurses-devel libtool-ltdl-devel libtool-ltdl libmcrypt libmcrypt-devel libpng libpng-devel libjpeg-devel openssl openssl-devel curl curl-devel libxml2 libxml2-devel ncurses ncurses-devel libtool-ltdl-devel libtool-ltdl autoconf automake libaio*

1、解压程序包

复制代码 代码如下:

tar xf php-7.0.6.tar.bz2
cd php-7.0.6

2、安装编译依赖的图片库

复制代码 代码如下:

jpegsrc.v6b.tar.gz
libpng-1.2.50.tar.gz
freetype-2.1.10.tar.gz

# 安装 jpegsrc.v6b.tar.gz
#这个需要先创建好存放程序的文件夹不然会报错
mkdir /usr/local/jpeg.6/{bin,lib,include,man/man1} -pv
tar xf jpegsrc.v6b.tar.gz 
cd jpeg-6b/
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/jpeg.6/
make && make install
# 安装 libpng-1.2.50.tar.gz
tar xf libpng-1.2.50.tar.gz
cd libpng-1.2.50
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/libpng.1.2.50
make && make install
# 安装 freetype-2.1.10.tar.gz
tar xf freetype-2.1.10.tar.gz
cd freetype-2.1.10
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/freetype.2.1.10/
make && make install

3、预编译配置参数

./configure --prefix=/data/server/php \
--enable-opcache \
--with-config-file-path=/u01/data/server/php/etc \
--enable-mysqlnd \
--with-mysqli=mysqlnd \
--with-pdo-mysql=mysqlnd \
--enable-fpm \
--enable-static \
--enable-inline-optimization \
--enable-sockets \
--enable-wddx \
--enable-zip \
--enable-calendar \
--with-gd \
--with-iconv \
--with-openssl \
--with-zlib \
--enable-bcmath \
--enable-soap \
--with-xmlrpc \
--enable-mbstring \
--enable-shared \
--with-curl \
--enable-xml \
--enable-ftp \
--with-mcrypt \
--with-mhash \
--enable-shmop \
--enable-sysvsem \
--enable-mbregex \
--enable-gd-native-ttf \
--enable-pcntl \
--enable-session \
--with-gettext \
--with-freetype-dir=/usr/local/freetype.2.1.10 \
--with-jpeg-dir=/usr/local/jpeg.6 \
--with-png-dir=/usr/local/libpng.1.2.50 \
--disable-ipv6 \
--disable-debug \
--disable-maintainer-zts \
--disable-rpath \
--disable-fileinfo \
--without-gdbm \

4、执行编译

复制代码 代码如下:

make && make install

5、提供php.ini文件

复制代码 代码如下:

cp php.ini-production /u01/data/server/php/etc/php.ini

配置php.ini

# 在840行左右-设置PHP的opcache和memcache扩展库
zend_extension=opcache.so
extension=memcache.so
# 722行左右-设置PHP的扩展库路径
extension_dir = "/u01/data/server/php7/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20151012/"
# 避免PHP信息暴露在http头中
expose_php = Off
# 避免暴露php调用mysql的错误信息
display_errors = Off
# 开启PHP错误日志(路径在php-fpm.conf中配置)
log_errors = On
# 设置PHP的时区
date.timezone = PRC
# 开启opcache(1733行左右)
opcache.enable=1
# 设置PHP脚本允许访问的目录
# open_basedir = /usr/share/nginx/html;

6、配置php-fpm

php-fpm.conf 进程服务主配置文件

# 设置错误日志的路径
error_log = /var/log/php-fpm/error.log
# 引入www.conf文件中的配置
include=/usr/local/php7/etc/php-fpm.d/*.conf
# 设置主进程打开的最大文件数
rlimit_files = 102400
www.conf 进程服务扩展配置文件
# 设置用户和用户组
user = www
group = www
# 设置php监听方式
# listen = 127.0.0.1:9000 
# 注意这里要设置PHP套接字文件的权限,默认是root,Nginx无法访问。
listen = /var/run/php-fpm/php-fpm.sock
# 开启慢日志
slowlog = /var/log/php-fpm/php-slow.log
request_slowlog_timeout = 10s
# 设置工作进程数(根据实际情况设置)
pm.max_children = 50
# 这里需要注意,pm.start_servers 不能小于 pm.min_spare_servers
pm.start_servers = 5
pm.min_spare_servers = 5
pm.max_spare_servers = 10
pm.max_requests = 10240
# 设置php的session目录(所属用户和用户组都是www)
php_value[session.save_handler] = files
php_value[session.save_path] = /var/tmp/php/session

7、提供php-fpm启动脚本

#! /bin/sh
#
prefix=/u01/data/server/php7
exec_prefix=${prefix}
php_fpm_BIN=${exec_prefix}/sbin/php-fpm
php_fpm_CONF=${prefix}/etc/php-fpm.conf
php_fpm_PID=${prefix}/var/run/php-fpm.pid
php_opts="--fpm-config $php_fpm_CONF --pid $php_fpm_PID"
wait_for_pid () {
try=0
while test $try -lt 35 ; do
case "$1" in
'created')
if [ -f "$2" ] ; then
try=''
break
fi
;;
'removed')
if [ ! -f "$2" ] ; then
try=''
break
fi
;;
esac
echo -n .
try=`expr $try + 1`
sleep 1
done
}
case "$1" in
start)
echo -n "Starting php-fpm "
$php_fpm_BIN --daemonize $php_opts
if [ "$?" != 0 ] ; then
echo " failed"
exit 1
fi
wait_for_pid created $php_fpm_PID
if [ -n "$try" ] ; then
echo " failed"
exit 1
else
echo " done"
fi
;;
stop)
echo -n "Gracefully shutting down php-fpm "
if [ ! -r $php_fpm_PID ] ; then
echo "warning, no pid file found - php-fpm is not running ?"
exit 1
fi
kill -QUIT `cat $php_fpm_PID`
wait_for_pid removed $php_fpm_PID
if [ -n "$try" ] ; then
echo " failed. Use force-quit"
exit 1
else
echo " done"
fi
;;
status)
if [ ! -r $php_fpm_PID ] ; then
echo "php-fpm is stopped"
exit 0
fi
PID=`cat $php_fpm_PID`
if ps -p $PID | grep -q $PID; then
echo "php-fpm (pid $PID) is running..."
else
echo "php-fpm dead but pid file exists"
fi
;;
force-quit)
echo -n "Terminating php-fpm "
if [ ! -r $php_fpm_PID ] ; then
echo "warning, no pid file found - php-fpm is not running ?"
exit 1
fi
kill -TERM `cat $php_fpm_PID`
wait_for_pid removed $php_fpm_PID
if [ -n "$try" ] ; then
echo " failed"
exit 1
else
echo " done"
fi
;;
restart)
$0 stop
$0 start
;;
reload)
echo -n "Reload service php-fpm "
if [ ! -r $php_fpm_PID ] ; then
echo "warning, no pid file found - php-fpm is not running ?"
exit 1
fi
kill -USR2 `cat $php_fpm_PID`
echo " done"
;;
*)
echo "Usage: $0 {start|stop|force-quit|restart|reload|status}"
exit 1
;;
esac

八、启动php-fpm程序

/etc/init.d/php-fpm start
# 修改套接字文件权限
chown -R /var/run/php-fpm/

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