spring+netty服务器搭建的方法

游戏一般是长连接,自定义协议,不用http协议,BIO,NIO,AIO这些我就不说了,自己查资料

我现在用spring+netty搭起简单的游戏服

思路:1自定义协议和协议包;2spring+netty整合;3半包粘包处理,心跳机制等;4请求分发(目前自己搞的都是单例模式)
下个是测试用的,结构如下

首先自定义包头

Header.java

package com.test.netty.message;    
/** 
 * Header.java 
 * 自定义协议包头 
 * @author janehuang 
 * @version 1.0 
 */  
public class Header {  
  private byte tag;  
 /* 编码*/  
  private byte encode;  
  /*加密*/  
  private byte encrypt;  
  /*其他字段*/  
  private byte extend1;  
  /*其他2*/  
  private byte extend2;  
  /*会话id*/  
  private String sessionid;  
  /*包的长度*/  
  private int length = 1024;  
  /*命令*/  
  private int cammand;  
  
  public Header() {  
  
  }  
  
  public Header(String sessionid) {  
    this.encode = 0;  
    this.encrypt = 0;  
    this.sessionid = sessionid;  
  }  
  
  public Header(byte tag, byte encode, byte encrypt, byte extend1, byte extend2, String sessionid, int length, int cammand) {  
    this.tag = tag;  
    this.encode = encode;  
    this.encrypt = encrypt;  
    this.extend1 = extend1;  
    this.extend2 = extend2;  
    this.sessionid = sessionid;  
    this.length = length;  
    this.cammand = cammand;  
  }  
  
  @Override  
  public String toString() {  
    return "header [tag=" + tag + "encode=" + encode + ",encrypt=" + encrypt + ",extend1=" + extend1 + ",extend2=" + extend2 + ",sessionid=" + sessionid + ",length=" + length + ",cammand="  
        + cammand + "]";  
  }  
  
  public byte getTag() {  
    return tag;  
  }  
  
  public void setTag(byte tag) {  
    this.tag = tag;  
  }  
  
  public byte getEncode() {  
    return encode;  
  }  
  
  public void setEncode(byte encode) {  
    this.encode = encode;  
  }  
  
  public byte getEncrypt() {  
    return encrypt;  
  }  
  
  public void setEncrypt(byte encrypt) {  
    this.encrypt = encrypt;  
  }  
  
  public byte getExtend1() {  
    return extend1;  
  }  
  
  public void setExtend1(byte extend1) {  
    this.extend1 = extend1;  
  }  
  
  public byte getExtend2() {  
    return extend2;  
  }  
  
  public void setExtend2(byte extend2) {  
    this.extend2 = extend2;  
  }  
  
  public String getSessionid() {  
    return sessionid;  
  }  
  
  public void setSessionid(String sessionid) {  
    this.sessionid = sessionid;  
  }  
  
  public int getLength() {  
    return length;  
  }  
  
  public void setLength(int length) {  
    this.length = length;  
  }  
  
  public int getCammand() {  
    return cammand;  
  }  
  
  public void setCammand(int cammand) {  
    this.cammand = cammand;  
  }  
}  

包体,我简单处理用字符串转字节码,一般好多游戏用probuf系列化成二进制

Message.java

package com.test.netty.message;    
import io.netty.buffer.ByteBuf;  
import io.netty.buffer.Unpooled;   
import java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream;  
import java.io.IOException;  
import java.io.UnsupportedEncodingException;   
import com.test.netty.decoder.MessageDecoder;   
/** 
 * Message.java 
 *  
 * @author janehuang 
 * @version 1.0 
 */  
public class Message {  
  
  private Header header;  
  
  private String data;  
  
  public Header getHeader() {  
    return header;  
  }  
  
  public void setHeader(Header header) {  
    this.header = header;  
  }  
  
  public String getData() {  
    return data;  
  }  
  
  public void setData(String data) {  
    this.data = data;  
  }  
  
  public Message(Header header) {  
    this.header = header;  
  }  
  
  public Message(Header header, String data) {  
    this.header = header;  
    this.data = data;  
  }  
  
  public byte[] toByte() {  
    ByteArrayOutputStream out = new ByteArrayOutputStream();  
    out.write(MessageDecoder.PACKAGE_TAG);  
    out.write(header.getEncode());  
    out.write(header.getEncrypt());  
    out.write(header.getExtend1());  
    out.write(header.getExtend2());  
    byte[] bb = new byte[32];  
    byte[] bb2 = header.getSessionid().getBytes();  
    for (int i = 0; i < bb2.length; i++) {  
      bb[i] = bb2[i];  
    }  
  
    try {  
      out.write(bb);  
  
      byte[] bbb = data.getBytes("UTF-8");  
      out.write(intToBytes2(bbb.length));  
      out.write(intToBytes2(header.getCammand()));  
      out.write(bbb);  
      out.write('\n');  
    } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException e) {  
      // TODO Auto-generated catch block  
      e.printStackTrace();  
    } catch (IOException e) {  
      // TODO Auto-generated catch block  
      e.printStackTrace();  
    }  
    return out.toByteArray();  
  }  
  
  public static byte[] intToByte(int newint) {  
    byte[] intbyte = new byte[4];  
    intbyte[3] = (byte) ((newint >> 24) & 0xFF);  
    intbyte[2] = (byte) ((newint >> 16) & 0xFF);  
    intbyte[1] = (byte) ((newint >> 8) & 0xFF);  
    intbyte[0] = (byte) (newint & 0xFF);  
    return intbyte;  
  }  
  
  public static int bytesToInt(byte[] src, int offset) {  
    int value;  
    value = (int) ((src[offset] & 0xFF) | ((src[offset + 1] & 0xFF) << 8) | ((src[offset + 2] & 0xFF) << 16) | ((src[offset + 3] & 0xFF) << 24));  
    return value;  
  }  
  
  public static byte[] intToBytes2(int value) {  
    byte[] src = new byte[4];  
    src[0] = (byte) ((value >> 24) & 0xFF);  
    src[1] = (byte) ((value >> 16) & 0xFF);  
    src[2] = (byte) ((value >> 8) & 0xFF);  
    src[3] = (byte) (value & 0xFF);  
    return src;  
  }  
  
  public static void main(String[] args) {  
    ByteBuf heapBuffer = Unpooled.buffer(8);  
    System.out.println(heapBuffer);  
    ByteArrayOutputStream out = new ByteArrayOutputStream();  
    try {  
      out.write(intToBytes2(1));  
    } catch (IOException e) {  
      // TODO Auto-generated catch block  
      e.printStackTrace();  
    }  
    byte[] data = out.toByteArray();  
    heapBuffer.writeBytes(data);  
    System.out.println(heapBuffer);  
    int a = heapBuffer.readInt();  
    System.out.println(a);  
  }    
}  

解码器

MessageDecoder.java

package com.test.netty.decoder; 
import io.netty.buffer.ByteBuf; 
import io.netty.channel.ChannelHandlerContext; 
import io.netty.handler.codec.ByteToMessageDecoder; 
import io.netty.handler.codec.CorruptedFrameException;  
import java.util.List;  
import com.test.netty.message.Header; 
import com.test.netty.message.Message; 
/** 
 * HeaderDecoder.java 
 * 
 * @author janehuang 
 * @version 1.0 
 */ 
public class MessageDecoder extends ByteToMessageDecoder { 
  /**包长度志头**/ 
  public static final int HEAD_LENGHT = 45; 
  /**标志头**/ 
  public static final byte PACKAGE_TAG = 0x01; 
  @Override 
  protected void decode(ChannelHandlerContext ctx, ByteBuf buffer, List<Object> out) throws Exception { 
    buffer.markReaderIndex(); 
    if (buffer.readableBytes() < HEAD_LENGHT) { 
      throw new CorruptedFrameException("包长度问题"); 
    } 
    byte tag = buffer.readByte(); 
    if (tag != PACKAGE_TAG) { 
      throw new CorruptedFrameException("标志错误"); 
    } 
    byte encode = buffer.readByte(); 
    byte encrypt = buffer.readByte(); 
    byte extend1 = buffer.readByte(); 
    byte extend2 = buffer.readByte(); 
    byte sessionByte[] = new byte[32]; 
    buffer.readBytes(sessionByte); 
    String sessionid = new String(sessionByte,"UTF-8"); 
    int length = buffer.readInt(); 
    int cammand=buffer.readInt(); 
    Header header = new Header(tag,encode, encrypt, extend1, extend2, sessionid, length, cammand); 
    byte[] data=new byte[length]; 
    buffer.readBytes(data); 
    Message message = new Message(header,new String(data,"UTF-8")); 
    out.add(message); 
  } 
} 

编码器

MessageEncoder.java

package com.test.netty.encoder; 
import com.test.netty.decoder.MessageDecoder; 
import com.test.netty.message.Header; 
import com.test.netty.message.Message;  
import io.netty.buffer.ByteBuf; 
import io.netty.channel.ChannelHandlerContext; 
import io.netty.handler.codec.MessageToByteEncoder;   
/** 
 * MessageEncoder.java 
 * 
 * @author janehuang 
 * @version 1.0 
 */ 
public class MessageEncoder extends MessageToByteEncoder<Message> {  
  @Override 
  protected void encode(ChannelHandlerContext ctx, Message msg, ByteBuf out) throws Exception { 
      Header header = msg.getHeader(); 
      out.writeByte(MessageDecoder.PACKAGE_TAG); 
      out.writeByte(header.getEncode()); 
      out.writeByte(header.getEncrypt()); 
      out.writeByte(header.getExtend1()); 
      out.writeByte(header.getExtend2()); 
      out.writeBytes(header.getSessionid().getBytes()); 
      out.writeInt(header.getLength()); 
      out.writeInt(header.getCammand()); 
      out.writeBytes(msg.getData().getBytes("UTF-8")); 
  }  
} 

服务器

TimeServer.java

package com.test.netty.server; 
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component; 
import io.netty.bootstrap.ServerBootstrap; 
import io.netty.buffer.ByteBuf; 
import io.netty.buffer.Unpooled; 
import io.netty.channel.ChannelFuture; 
import io.netty.channel.ChannelInitializer; 
import io.netty.channel.ChannelOption; 
import io.netty.channel.EventLoopGroup; 
import io.netty.channel.nio.NioEventLoopGroup; 
import io.netty.channel.socket.SocketChannel; 
import io.netty.channel.socket.nio.NioServerSocketChannel; 
import io.netty.handler.codec.LineBasedFrameDecoder;  
import com.test.netty.decoder.MessageDecoder; 
import com.test.netty.encoder.MessageEncoder; 
import com.test.netty.handler.ServerHandler; 
/** 
 * ChatServer.java 
 * 
 * @author janehuang 
 * @version 1.0 
 */ 
@Component 
public class TimeServer {  
  private int port=88888; 
  public void run() throws InterruptedException { 
    EventLoopGroup bossGroup = new NioEventLoopGroup(); 
    EventLoopGroup workerGroup = new NioEventLoopGroup(); 
    ByteBuf heapBuffer = Unpooled.buffer(8); 
    heapBuffer.writeBytes("\r".getBytes()); 
    try { 
      ServerBootstrap b = new ServerBootstrap(); // (2) 
      b.group(bossGroup, workerGroup).channel(NioServerSocketChannel.class) // (3) 
          .childHandler(new ChannelInitializer<SocketChannel>() { // (4) 
                @Override 
                public void initChannel(SocketChannel ch) throws Exception { 
                  ch.pipeline().addLast("encoder", new MessageEncoder()).addLast("decoder", new MessageDecoder()).addFirst(new LineBasedFrameDecoder(65535)) 
                      .addLast(new ServerHandler()); 
                } 
              }).option(ChannelOption.SO_BACKLOG, 1024) // (5) 
          .childOption(ChannelOption.SO_KEEPALIVE, true); // (6) 
      ChannelFuture f = b.bind(port).sync(); // (7) 
      f.channel().closeFuture().sync(); 
    } finally { 
      workerGroup.shutdownGracefully(); 
      bossGroup.shutdownGracefully(); 
    } 
  } 
   
  public void start(int port) throws InterruptedException{ 
   this.port=port; 
   this.run(); 
  }  
} 

处理器并分发

ServerHandler.java

package com.test.netty.handler;  
import io.netty.channel.ChannelHandlerAdapter; 
import io.netty.channel.ChannelHandlerContext;  
import com.test.netty.invote.ActionMapUtil; 
import com.test.netty.message.Header; 
import com.test.netty.message.Message; 
/** 
 * 
 * @author janehuang 
 * 
 */ 
public class ServerHandler extends ChannelHandlerAdapter { 

  @Override 
  public void channelActive(ChannelHandlerContext ctx) throws Exception { 
    String content="我收到连接"; 
    Header header=new Header((byte)0, (byte)1, (byte)1, (byte)1, (byte)0, "713f17ca614361fb257dc6741332caf2",content.getBytes("UTF-8").length, 1); 
    Message message=new Message(header,content); 
    ctx.writeAndFlush(message);      
  } 
 
  @Override 
  public void exceptionCaught(ChannelHandlerContext ctx, Throwable cause) { 
    cause.printStackTrace(); 
    ctx.close(); 
  } 
 
  @Override 
  public void channelRead(ChannelHandlerContext ctx, Object msg) throws Exception { 
     Message m = (Message) msg; // (1) 
      
    /* 请求分发*/ 
    ActionMapUtil.invote(header.getCammand(),ctx, m); 
  }      
} 

分发工具类

ActionMapUtil.java

package com.test.netty.invote; 
import java.lang.reflect.Method; 
import java.util.HashMap; 
import java.util.Map; 
public class ActionMapUtil { 
  private static Map<Integer, Action> map = new HashMap<Integer, Action>();  
  public static Object invote(Integer key, Object... args) throws Exception { 
    Action action = map.get(key); 
    if (action != null) { 
      Method method = action.getMethod(); 
      try { 
        return method.invoke(action.getObject(), args); 
      } catch (Exception e) { 
        throw e; 
      } 
    } 
    return null; 
  }  
  public static void put(Integer key, Action action) { 
    map.put(key, action); 
  }  
} 

为分发创建的对象

Action.java

package com.test.netty.invote;  
import java.lang.reflect.Method;  
public class Action {    
  private Method method; 
  private Object object;  
  public Method getMethod() { 
    return method; 
  } 
 
  public void setMethod(Method method) { 
    this.method = method; 
  } 
 
  public Object getObject() { 
    return object; 
  } 
 
  public void setObject(Object object) { 
    this.object = object; 
  } 
} 

自定义注解,类似springmvc 里面的@Controller

NettyController.java

package com.test.netty.core;  
import java.lang.annotation.Documented; 
import java.lang.annotation.ElementType; 
import java.lang.annotation.Retention; 
import java.lang.annotation.RetentionPolicy; 
import java.lang.annotation.Target;  
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;  
@Retention(RetentionPolicy.RUNTIME) 
@Target(ElementType.TYPE) 
@Documented 
@Component 
public @interface NettyController { 
} 

类型spring mvc里面的@ReqestMapping

ActionMap.java

package com.test.netty.core; 
import java.lang.annotation.Documented; 
import java.lang.annotation.ElementType; 
import java.lang.annotation.Retention; 
import java.lang.annotation.RetentionPolicy; 
import java.lang.annotation.Target;  
@Retention(RetentionPolicy.RUNTIME) 
@Target(ElementType.METHOD) 
@Documented 
public @interface ActionMap { 
    int key();     
} 

加了这些注解是为了spring初始化bean后把这些对象存到容器,此bean需要在spring配置,spring bean 实例化后会调用

ActionBeanPostProcessor.java

package com.test.netty.core; 
import java.lang.reflect.Method; 
import org.springframework.beans.BeansException; 
import org.springframework.beans.factory.config.BeanPostProcessor; 
import com.test.netty.invote.Action; 
import com.test.netty.invote.ActionMapUtil; 
public class ActionBeanPostProcessor implements BeanPostProcessor { 
  public Object postProcessBeforeInitialization(Object bean, String beanName) throws BeansException { 
    return bean; 
  } 
 
  public Object postProcessAfterInitialization(Object bean, String beanName) throws BeansException { 
    Method[] methods=bean.getClass().getMethods(); 
    for (Method method : methods) { 
      ActionMap actionMap=method.getAnnotation(ActionMap.class); 
      if(actionMap!=null){ 
        Action action=new Action(); 
        action.setMethod(method); 
        action.setObject(bean); 
        ActionMapUtil.put(actionMap.key(), action); 
      } 
    } 
    return bean; 
  } 
} 

controller实例

UserController.java

package com.test.netty.controller;  
import io.netty.channel.ChannelHandlerContext;  
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired; 
import com.test.model.UserModel; 
import com.test.netty.core.ActionMap; 
import com.test.netty.core.NettyController; 
import com.test.netty.message.Message; 
import com.test.service.UserService; 
 
@NettyController() 
public class UserAction { 

  @Autowired 
  private UserService userService; 
   
  @ActionMap(key=1) 
  public String login(ChannelHandlerContext ct,Message message){ 
    UserModel userModel=this.userService.findByMasterUserId(1000001); 
    System.out.println(String.format("用户昵称:%s;密码%d;传人内容%s", userModel.getNickname(),userModel.getId(),message.getData())); 
    return userModel.getNickname(); 
  }  
} 

applicationContext.xml配置文件记得加入这个

<bean class="com.test.netty.core.ActionBeanPostProcessor"/> 

测试代码

package test; 
import org.springframework.context.ApplicationContext; 
import org.springframework.context.support.ClassPathXmlApplicationContext; 
import com.test.netty.server.TimeServer; 
public class Test { 
  public static void main(String[] args) { 
     ApplicationContext ac = new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext("applicationContext.xml");  
     TimeServer timeServer= ac.getBean(TimeServer.class); 
     try { 
      timeServer.start(8888); 
    } catch (InterruptedException e) { 
      // TODO Auto-generated catch block 
      e.printStackTrace(); 
    } 
  } 
} 

测试开关端

package test;  
import java.io.IOException; 
import java.io.OutputStream; 
import java.net.Socket; 
import java.util.Scanner; 
import com.test.netty.message.Header; 
import com.test.netty.message.Message;  
public class ClientTest { 
   public static void main(String[] args) { 
    try { 
      // 连接到服务器 
      Socket socket = new Socket("127.0.0.1", 8888);  
      try { 
        // 向服务器端发送信息的DataOutputStream 
        OutputStream out = socket.getOutputStream(); 
        // 装饰标准输入流,用于从控制台输入 
        Scanner scanner = new Scanner(System.in); 
        while (true) { 
          String send = scanner.nextLine(); 
          System.out.println("客户端:" + send); 
          byte[] by = send.getBytes("UTF-8"); 
          Header header = new Header((byte) 1, (byte) 1, (byte) 1, (byte) 1, (byte) 1, "713f17ca614361fb257dc6741332caf2", by.length, 1); 
          Message message = new Message(header, send); 
          out.write(message.toByte()); 
          out.flush(); 
          // 把从控制台得到的信息传送给服务器 
          // out.writeUTF("客户端:" + send); 
          // 读取来自服务器的信息 
        } 
 
      } finally { 
        socket.close(); 
      } 
    } catch (IOException e) { 
      e.printStackTrace(); 
    } 
  } 
} 

测试结果,ok了

以上就是本文的全部内容,希望对大家的学习有所帮助,也希望大家多多支持编程小技巧。

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