微信小程序日期时间选择器使用方法

本文实例为大家分享了精确到秒的微信小程序日期时间选择器,供大家参考,具体内容如下

效果图

精确到秒的微信小程序日期时间选择器

实现原理

利用微信小程序的picker组件的多列选择器实现!

WXML

<view class="tui-picker-content">
 <view class="tui-picker-name">时间选择器(选择时分)</view>
 <picker mode="time" value="{{time}}" start="09:00" end="17:30" bindchange="changeTime">
 <view class="tui-picker-detail">
  午饭时间: {{time}} 
 </view>
 </picker>
</view>

<view class="tui-picker-content">
 <view class="tui-picker-name">日期选择器(选择年月日)</view>
 <picker mode="date" value="{{date}}" start="2017-10-01" end="2017-10-08" bindchange="changeDate">
 <view class="tui-picker-detail">
  国庆出游: {{date}}
 </view>
 </picker>
</view>

<view class="tui-picker-content">
 <view class="tui-picker-name">日期时间选择器(精确到秒)</view>
 <picker mode="multiSelector" value="{{dateTime}}" bindchange="changeDateTime" bindcolumnchange="changeDateTimeColumn" range="{{dateTimeArray}}">
 <view class="tui-picker-detail">
  选择日期时间: {{dateTimeArray[0][dateTime[0]]}}-{{dateTimeArray[1][dateTime[1]]}}-{{dateTimeArray[2][dateTime[2]]}} {{dateTimeArray[3][dateTime[3]]}}:{{dateTimeArray[4][dateTime[4]]}}:{{dateTimeArray[5][dateTime[5]]}}
 </view>
 </picker>
</view>
<view class="tui-picker-content">
 <view class="tui-picker-name">日期时间选择器(精确到分)</view>
 <picker mode="multiSelector" value="{{dateTime1}}" bindchange="changeDateTime1" bindcolumnchange="changeDateTimeColumn1" range="{{dateTimeArray1}}">
 <view class="tui-picker-detail">
  选择日期时间: {{dateTimeArray1[0][dateTime1[0]]}}-{{dateTimeArray1[1][dateTime1[1]]}}-{{dateTimeArray1[2][dateTime1[2]]}} {{dateTimeArray1[3][dateTime1[3]]}}:{{dateTimeArray1[4][dateTime1[4]]}}
 </view>
 </picker>
</view>

WXSS

@import "../picker/picker.wxss";

使用的是三级联动选择器的样式,所以直接 import 引入!

JS

var dateTimePicker = require('../../utils/dateTimePicker.js');

Page({
 data: {
 date: '2018-10-01',
 time: '12:00',
 dateTimeArray: null,
 dateTime: null,
 dateTimeArray1: null,
 dateTime1: null,
 startYear: 2000,
 endYear: 2050
 },
 onLoad(){
 // 获取完整的年月日 时分秒,以及默认显示的数组
 var obj = dateTimePicker.dateTimePicker(this.data.startYear, this.data.endYear);
 var obj1 = dateTimePicker.dateTimePicker(this.data.startYear, this.data.endYear);
 // 精确到分的处理,将数组的秒去掉
 var lastArray = obj1.dateTimeArray.pop();
 var lastTime = obj1.dateTime.pop();

 this.setData({
  dateTime: obj.dateTime,
  dateTimeArray: obj.dateTimeArray,
  dateTimeArray1: obj1.dateTimeArray,
  dateTime1: obj1.dateTime
 });
 },
 changeDate(e){
 this.setData({ date:e.detail.value});
 },
 changeTime(e){
 this.setData({ time: e.detail.value });
 },
 changeDateTime(e){
 this.setData({ dateTime: e.detail.value });
 },
 changeDateTime1(e) {
 this.setData({ dateTime1: e.detail.value });
 },
 changeDateTimeColumn(e){
 var arr = this.data.dateTime, dateArr = this.data.dateTimeArray;

 arr[e.detail.column] = e.detail.value;
 dateArr[2] = dateTimePicker.getMonthDay(dateArr[0][arr[0]], dateArr[1][arr[1]]);

 this.setData({
  dateTimeArray: dateArr,
  dateTime: arr
 });
 },
 changeDateTimeColumn1(e) {
 var arr = this.data.dateTime1, dateArr = this.data.dateTimeArray1;

 arr[e.detail.column] = e.detail.value;
 dateArr[2] = dateTimePicker.getMonthDay(dateArr[0][arr[0]], dateArr[1][arr[1]]);

 this.setData({ 
  dateTimeArray1: dateArr,
  dateTime1: arr
 });
 }
})

外部JS,dateTimePicker.js的引入

function withData(param){
 return param < 10 ? '0' + param : '' + param;
}
function getLoopArray(start,end){
 var start = start || 0;
 var end = end || 1;
 var array = [];
 for (var i = start; i <= end; i++) {
 array.push(withData(i));
 }
 return array;
}
function getMonthDay(year,month){
 var flag = year % 400 == 0 || (year % 4 == 0 && year % 100 != 0), array = null;

 switch (month) {
 case '01':
 case '03':
 case '05':
 case '07':
 case '08':
 case '10':
 case '12':
  array = getLoopArray(1, 31)
  break;
 case '04':
 case '06':
 case '09':
 case '11':
  array = getLoopArray(1, 30)
  break;
 case '02':
  array = flag ? getLoopArray(1, 29) : getLoopArray(1, 28)
  break;
 default:
  array = '月份格式不正确,请重新输入!'
 }
 return array;
}
function getNewDateArry(){
 // 当前时间的处理
 var newDate = new Date();
 var year = withData(newDate.getFullYear()),
  mont = withData(newDate.getMonth() + 1),
  date = withData(newDate.getDate()),
  hour = withData(newDate.getHours()),
  minu = withData(newDate.getMinutes()),
  seco = withData(newDate.getSeconds());

 return [year, mont, date, hour, minu, seco];
}
function dateTimePicker(startYear,endYear,date) {
 // 返回默认显示的数组和联动数组的声明
 var dateTime = [], dateTimeArray = [[],[],[],[],[],[]];
 var start = startYear || 1978;
 var end = endYear || 2100;
 // 默认开始显示数据
 var defaultDate = date ? [...date.split(' ')[0].split('-'), ...date.split(' ')[1].split(':')] : getNewDateArry();
 // 处理联动列表数据
 /*年月日 时分秒*/ 
 dateTimeArray[0] = getLoopArray(start,end);
 dateTimeArray[1] = getLoopArray(1, 12);
 dateTimeArray[2] = getMonthDay(defaultDate[0], defaultDate[1]);
 dateTimeArray[3] = getLoopArray(0, 23);
 dateTimeArray[4] = getLoopArray(0, 59);
 dateTimeArray[5] = getLoopArray(0, 59);

 dateTimeArray.forEach((current,index) => {
 dateTime.push(current.indexOf(defaultDate[index]));
 });

 return {
 dateTimeArray: dateTimeArray,
 dateTime: dateTime
 }
}
module.exports = {
 dateTimePicker: dateTimePicker,
 getMonthDay: getMonthDay
}

总结

  • 将初始化列表以及初始化默认显示的数组放到dateTimePicker.js,防止页面逻辑太乱,而且可以多处使用;
  • 判断是否为闰年,在三木表达式中,必须将能别400整除放在前边,因为或运算只要一个条件满足,就会返回true,不会执行后续表达式;
  • switch case的合并方法需要注意格式;
  • 如果只需要联动列表更新,二结果展示栏不更新,则在changeDateTimeColumn函数中只更新dateTimeArray的值。

DEMO下载

以上就是本文的全部内容,希望对大家的学习有所帮助,也希望大家多多支持编程小技巧。

代码技巧

转载请关注公众号:代码技巧 回复:授权

本文链接地址:https://www.oudahe.com/p/47955/