python实现学生信息管理系统

继上篇博客Python实现简易通讯录后,我就想写一个复杂点的学生信息管理系统,这次实现的功能有

  1.学生信息的录入管理;
  2.学生选课操作;
  3.学生选课情况查询;   

这次仍然用到sqlite3模块。虽然看着挺简单,但是也踩了不少坑,毕竟刚开始实战,有些细节的还需要多多磨炼啊!

好了,废话不多说,直接上代码,欢迎感兴趣的朋友私信讨论~~~

#-*- coding:utf-8 -*-
import sqlite3
#打开本地数据库用于存储用户信息
conn = sqlite3.connect('student.db')

#在该数据库下创建学生信息表
conn.execute ('''CREATE TABLE StudentTable(
 ID INTEGER PRIMARY KEY AUTOINCREMENT,
 StuId  INTEGER NOT NULL,
 NAME  TEXT NOT NULL,
 CLASS  INT NOT NULL);''')
print "Table created successfully";

#在该数据库下创建课程信息表
conn.execute ('''CREATE TABLE CourseTable(
 ID INTEGER PRIMARY KEY AUTOINCREMENT,
 CourseId INT NOT NULL,
 Name  TEXT NOT NULL,
 Teacher  TEXT NOT NULL,
 Classroom  TEXT NOT NULL,
 StartTime  CHAR(11) NOT NULL,
 EndTime  CHAR(11) NOT NULL);''')
print "Table created successfully";

#在该数据库下创建选课情况信息表
conn.execute ('''CREATE TABLE XuankeTable(
 ID INTEGER PRIMARY KEY AUTOINCREMENT,
 StuId  INT  NOT NULL,
 CourseId  INT  NOT NULL,
 StudentNAME  TEXT NULL,
 StudenCourse  TEXT NULL);''')
print "Table created successfully";

#以上三个表创建完后,再次运行程序时,需要把三个建表代码注释掉,否则会提示:该表已存在。即建表只需建一次。

def insert_stu(): #录入学生信息
 conn = sqlite3.connect('student.db')
 stu_id = input("请输入学生学号:")
 cursor = conn.execute("SELECT StuId from StudentTable where StuId = '%s';"%stu_id)
 conn.commit()
 for row in cursor:
 if stu_id == row[0]:
  print "sorry,该学号已存在,请重新输入"
  break
 else:
 stu_name = raw_input("请输入学生姓名:")
 stu_class = input("请输入学生班级:")
 sql1 = "INSERT INTO StudentTable(StuId,NAME,CLASS)"
 sql1 += " VALUES(%d,'%s',%d);"%(stu_id,stu_name,stu_class)
 conn.execute(sql1)
 conn.commit()
 print "恭喜你,学生录入成功!"

def xuanke(): #学生选课
 stu_id = input('请输入要选课的学生学号:')
 sql2 = "select StuId from StudentTable where StuId = %d;"%(stu_id)
 cursor1 = conn.execute(sql2)
 for row in cursor1:
 if stu_id == row[0]:
  sql3 = "select CourseId,Name,Teacher,Classroom, StartTime,EndTime from CourseTable"
  cursor2 = conn.execute(sql3)
  for row in cursor2:
  print "CourseId = ", row[0]
  print "Name = ", row[1]
  print "Teacher = ", row[2]
  print "Classroom = ",row[3]
  print "StartTime = ",row[4]
  print "EndTime = ",row[5], "\n"
  cou_id = input("请输入要选的课程号:")
  sql = "select StuId from XuankeTable where CourseId = %d;"%(cou_id)
  cursor3= conn.execute(sql)
  for row in cursor3:
  if stu_id == row[0]:
   print "该课程已选,请重新输入要选课程!"
  else:
   sql3 = "insert into XuankeTable (StuId,CourseId) values (%d,%d)"%(stu_id,cou_id)
   cursor4= conn.execute(sql3)
   conn.commit()
   print "恭喜你,选课成功!"
   break
  break
  break
 else:
 print "sorry,没有该学生号"

def stu_id_search():#按照学生学号查询学生信息
 conn = sqlite3.connect('student.db')
 search_stu_id = input("请输入要查询的学号:")
 sql4 = "SELECT StuId from StudentTable where StuId= %d;" % (search_stu_id)
 cursor1 = conn.execute(sql4)
 conn.commit()
 for row in cursor1:
 if search_stu_id == row[0]:
  sql10 = "select ID,StuId,NAME, CLASS from StudentTable where StuId = %d;"%(search_stu_id)
  cursor2 = conn.execute(sql10)
  conn.commit()
  for row in cursor2:
  print
  print "您要查询的学生信息为:"
  print "ID = ", row[0]
  print "StuId = ", row[1]
  print "NAME = ", row[2]
  print "CLASS = ",row[3], "\n"
  break
 else:
  print "sorry,没有该学生信息!"

def stu_id_cou(): #按照学生学号查询该学生所选课程
 stu_id = input("请输入要查询学生号:")
 sql5 = "select StuId from StudentTable where StuId = %d;"%(stu_id)
 cursor = conn.execute(sql5)
 for row in cursor:
 if stu_id == row[0]:
  sql6 = "select CourseId from XuankeTable where StuId = %d;"%(stu_id)
  cursor = conn.execute(sql6)
  conn.commit()
  for row in cursor:
  print
  print "该学生所选课程号为:"
  print row
  print
  break
 else:
 print "sorry,没有该学生选课信息!"

def cou_id_search(): #按照课程号查询课程信息
 cou_id = input("请输入要查询的课程号:")
 sql7 = "select CourseId ,Name,Teacher,Classroom,StartTime,EndTime from CourseTable "
 sql7 += "where CourseId = %d;"%(cou_id)
 cursor1 = conn.execute(sql7)
 conn.commit()
 for row in cursor1:
 print "您要查询的课程信息为:"
 print "CourseId = ",row[0]
 print "Name = ", row[1]
 print "Teacher = ", row[2]
 print "Classroom = ",row[3]
 print "StartTime = " ,row[4]
 print "EndTime = ",row[5],"\n"
 break
 else:
 print "sorry,没有该课程信息!"

def cou_id_stu():#按照课程号查询选择该课程的学生列表
 cou_id = input('请输入课程号:')
 sql8 = "select CourseId from XuankeTable where CourseId =%d;"%(cou_id)
 cursor1 = conn.execute(sql8)
 for row in cursor1:
 if cou_id == row[0]:
  sql9 = "select StuId from XuankeTable where CourseId =%d;"%(cou_id)
  cursor2 = conn.execute(sql9)
  conn.commit()
  for row in cursor2:
  print
  print "选择该课程的学生为:"
  print row,"\n"
  break
 break
 else:
 print "sorry,没有该课程信息!"

def menu():
 print '1.进入学生信息系统(学生信息录入)'
 print '2.进入学生选课系统(学生选课操作)'
 print '3.进入学生选课信息系统(学生信息查询和选课情况查询)'
 print '4.退出程序'

def student():
 print '1.录入学生信息'
 print '2.返回主菜单'
 print '3.退出程序'

def Course():
 print '1.开始选课'
 print '2.返回主菜单'
 print '3.退出程序'

def information():
 print '1.按学号查询学生信息'
 print '2.按学号查看学生选课课程列表'
 print '3.按课程号查看课程信息'
 print '4.按课程号查看选课学生列表'
 print '5.返回主菜单'
 print '6.退出程序'

while True:
 menu()
 print
 x = raw_input('请输入您的选择菜单号:')
 if x == '1':
 #进入学生信息系统
 student()
 stu = raw_input('您已进入学生录入系统,请再次输入选择菜单:')
 if stu == '1':
  insert_stu()
  continue
 if stu == '2':
  menu()
  continue
 if stu == '3':
  print "谢谢使用!"
  exit()
  continue
 else:
  print "输入的选项不存在,请重新输入!"
  continue

 if x == '2':
 #进入选课信息系统
 Course()
 cou = raw_input('您已进入学生选课系统,请再次输入选择菜单:')
 if cou == '1':
  xuanke()
  continue
 if cou == '2':
  menu()
  continue
 if cou == '3':
  print "谢谢使用!"
  exit()
  continue
 else:
  print "输入的选项不存在,请重新输入!"
  continue

 if x == '3':
 #进入学生选课信息表
 information()
 inf = raw_input('您已进入学生选课信息系统,请再次输入选择菜单:')
 if inf == '1':
  stu_id_search()
  continue
 if inf == '2':
  stu_id_cou()
  continue
 if inf == '3':
  cou_id_search()
  continue
 if inf == '4':
  cou_id_stu()
  continue
 if inf == '5':
  menu()
  continue
 if inf == '6':
  print "谢谢使用!"
  exit()
  continue
 else:
  print "输入的选项不存在,请重新输入!"
  continue

 if x == '4':
 print "谢谢使用!"
 exit()
 else:
 print "输入的选项不存在,请重新输入!"
 continue

以上就是本文的全部内容,希望对大家的学习有所帮助,也希望大家多多支持编程小技巧。

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