复制代码 代码如下:

"""This module contains code from
Think Python by Allen B. Downey

Copyright 2012 Allen B. Downey
License: GNU GPLv3


import os

def walk(dirname):
    """Finds the names of all files in dirname and its subdirectories.

    dirname: string name of directory
    names = []
    for name in os.listdir(dirname):
        path = os.path.join(dirname, name)

        if os.path.isfile(path):
    return names

def compute_checksum(filename):
    """Computes the MD5 checksum of the contents of a file.

    filename: string
    cmd = 'md5sum ' + filename
    return pipe(cmd)

def check_diff(name1, name2):
    """Computes the difference between the contents of two files.

    name1, name2: string filenames
    cmd = 'diff %s %s' % (name1, name2)
    return pipe(cmd)

def pipe(cmd):
    """Runs a command in a subprocess.

    cmd: string Unix command

    Returns (res, stat), the output of the subprocess and the exit status.
    fp = os.popen(cmd)
    res =
    stat = fp.close()
    assert stat is None
    return res, stat

def compute_checksums(dirname, suffix):
    """Computes checksums for all files with the given suffix.

    dirname: string name of directory to search
    suffix: string suffix to match

    Returns: map from checksum to list of files with that checksum
    names = walk(dirname)

    d = {}
    for name in names:
        if name.endswith(suffix):
            res, stat = compute_checksum(name)
            checksum, _ = res.split()

            if checksum in d:
                d[checksum] = [name]

    return d

def check_pairs(names):
    """Checks whether any in a list of files differs from the others.

    names: list of string filenames
    for name1 in names:
        for name2 in names:
            if name1 < name2:
                res, stat = check_diff(name1, name2)
                if res:
                    return False
    return True

def print_duplicates(d):
    """Checks for duplicate files.

    Reports any files with the same checksum and checks whether they
    are, in fact, identical.

    d: map from checksum to list of files with that checksum
    for key, names in d.iteritems():
        if len(names) > 1:
            print 'The following files have the same checksum:'
            for name in names:
                print name

            if check_pairs(names):
                print 'And they are identical.'

if __name__ == '__main__':
    d = compute_checksums(dirname='.', suffix='.py')


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