python如何使用unittest测试接口

本文实例为大家分享了python使用unittest 测试接口的具体代码,供大家参考,具体内容如下

1.首先使用 python 的requests 对接口进行测试

# TestInface.py 
import requests,json 
url = visit.get_test_url() 
news_url = url+'news.info' 
headers = baseToken.basetoken_datas()['headers'] 
def new_data(data): 
   
  r = requests.post(news_url,data=data,headers=headers) 
  cnn = json.loads(r.text) 
  return cnn 

2.使用unittest调用接口,且对接口测试的结果进行统计

# TestCase.py 
# -*- coding:utf-8 -*- 
import unittest 
import TestInface 
 
 
# 对执行的case结果进行统计 
# --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 
text = "" 
num_success = 0 
num_fail = 0 
 
 
# 测试通过 
def decide_success(joggle): 
  global num_success 
  num_success += 1 
  print_out(joggle + ":接口测试通过\n") 
  return num_success 
 
 
# 测试不通过 
def decide_fail(txt, joggle): 
  global num_fail 
  num_fail += 1 
  print_out(joggle + ":接口测试未通过 \n错误信息: " + txt + "\n") 
  return num_fail 
 
 
# 邮件内容写入 & 客户端输出 
def print_out(message): 
  global text 
  text += "\n" + message 
  return text 
  
# 返回值判断 
def decide_result(result, code, joggle): 
  if result['code'] == code: 
    decide_success(joggle) 
    return "pass" 
  else: 
    txt = u"期望返回值:" + str(code) + u" 实际返回值:" + str(result) + '\n' + result['message'] 
    decide_fail(txt, joggle) 
    return "fail" 
 
 
def decide_Count(): 
  data = { 
    'num_success': num_success, 
    'num_fail': num_fail, 
    'text': text 
  } 
  return data 
# -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 
# 定义 unittest 
class MyTestCase(unittest.TestCase):  
 
  # 初始化工作 
  def setUp(self): 
    pass  
 
  # 退出清理工作 
  def tearDown(self): 
    pass 
  def test_Case1(self): 
  id = 16 
    data = {'id':id} 
    a = TestInface.new_data(data) 
    decide_result(a,0,'test_Case1') 

3.使用suite对case进行管理

# TestSuite.py 
# -*- coding:utf-8 -*- 
import unittest 
import TestCase 
  
def test_InterFace(): 
  
  # 构造测试集 
  suite = unittest.TestSuite() 
  suite.addTest(TestCase("test_Case1")) # unittest中的测试用例 
 
 
  runner = unittest.TextTestRunner() 
  runner.run(suite) 
  # 对测试集进行测试需要返回值 
  # return suite 
 
if __name__ == '__main__': 
  
  # unittest.main(defaultTest='test_InterFace') 
  # 执行测试 
  runner = unittest.TextTestRunner() 
  runner.run(test_InterFace()) 

4.对接口的数据进行统计

# TestCensus.py 
# -*- coding:utf-8 -*- 
import time 
import TestSuite 
import send_email 
import TestCase 
 
class Test_Calss(): 
 
  def census(self): 
    text = '' 
    # 初始化测试起始时间 
    start_time = time.time() 
    # 调用suite测试集 
    TestSuite.test_InterFace() 
    # 结束执行时间计算 
    end_time = time.time() 
 
    result = TestCase.decide_Count() 
    # 接口测试统计说明 
    total_use_case = u"执行用例总数:" + str(result['num_success'] + result['num_fail']) + \ 
             u"\t通过数:" + str(result['num_success']) + \ 
             u"\t不通过数:" + str(result['num_fail']) 
    total_time = u"\t总共耗时:" + str(round((end_time - start_time), 3)) + u'秒' 
    text = result['text'] + total_use_case + total_time 
    print (text) 
 
    # 发生测试报告邮件 
    send_email.email_file(text) 
 
if __name__ == '__main__': 
  Test_Calss().census() 

以上就是本文的全部内容,希望对大家的学习有所帮助,也希望大家多多支持编程小技巧。

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